Oligarchs rich on snowballs
Oligarch God Nisanov and the family of Governor Andrei Vorobyov "master" the destruction of the ski complex?
Behind the demolition of Snezh.kom - one of the 30 year-round ski resorts in the world - are the business interests of the Airplane group? The case smelled like a scandal.
Instead of the largest all-season ski complex "Снеж.ком" in Krasnogorsk, people will grow: by the end of 2023, excavator buckets can be caught on the site. Dismantling will begin in March 2023. There is an opinion that behind the project "skyscrapers against Snezh.kom" are the business interests of the Airplane group, that is, the God Nisanov, the brother of the Governor of the Moscow Region Andrei Vorobyov Maxim and their business partners. In support of this version, it also says that the name of the ex-Minister of the Moscow Region Mikhail Oleinik, a former adviser to Vorobyov, has already appeared near the project.
Meanwhile, the bankruptcy trustee of Snezhnaya Gorka, the owner of the complex, discovered and challenged a chain of transactions aimed at withdrawing liquid property. Can history turn into a criminal case? Details - in the material of the correspondent of The Moscow Post in the Moscow region.
Will the plane land in the Pavshinsky floodplain?
The promised reconstruction turned into the dismantling of Russia's first all-season ski resort - one of 30 similar in the world. Back in January 2022, they announced the first stage of reconstruction, and already in October it was decided to dismantle.
In February 2023, the bankruptcy trustee of the owner of the complex, Roman Nosov, said in TASS comments that the demolition of Snezh.kom buildings could take up to eight months, and it should begin in February-March 2023. At the same time, Nosov recalled that the object does not function and is disconnected from all networks.
Thus, already in September-October 2023, residents of Krasnogorsk, who actively protested against the demolition of the complex and collected more than 27 thousand signatures under the corresponding petition, can hear excavator buckets.
The bankruptcy trustee in his comment to TASS called the object emergency, and in a publication on the Snezh.kom website, this accident was previously mentioned. Meanwhile, in the Federal State Institution "Unified Register of Inspections" Snezhnaya Gorka LLC (established in 2017) - the owner of the complex, built in 2007, appeared only twice - in 2021 and 2022, and no violations were found. Is the complex that has worked without complaints for at least the last six years as they want to show? Or just under someone you need to free up an investment and attractive area?
Snow Slide Inspection Register. Photo: https://proverki.gov.ru
The Moscow Post has previously written about the possible interest of the Airplane group in the project for the development of the site under Snezh.kom. This information was previously distributed by the telegram channel "Real Estate Insider." Later it became known that the Rubikon company owned by the ex-Minister of Transport of the Moscow Region Mikhail Oleinik is sending out a terms of reference for preparing a project for planning the territory on which the ski resort is now located.
The Rubikon company owned by the ex-Minister of Transport of the Moscow Region Mikhail Oleinik sends out a terms of reference for preparing a project for planning the territory on which the ski resort is now located (open sources)
According to the unified state register of legal entities, Rubikon LLC with the direction of activity "construction of residential and non-residential buildings" was created on May 23, 2022. The owner is Mikhail Oleinik, an ex-minister who left office in February 2017. At the same time, he did not last long in the ministerial position - he was appointed in January 2016.
Oleinik's freshly baked asset. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
The fact that this is not just a namesake confirms the coincidence of the TIN minister and businessman.
Oleinik's assets. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
It is noteworthy: before the creation of Rubikon, Oleinik did not show any interest in the construction market. Since 2021, he has been registered as an individual entrepreneur in the field of consulting on commercial activities and management, and since November 2021 he has owned a 50% stake in Eko2 LLC, which works in the field of providing consulting services in the field of ecology. Here the question arises, and in whose interests was created "Rubikon"?
The mailing of the terms of reference from Oleinik, if it really took place, fits well with the canvas of opinion about the possible development of the site after the dismantling of Snezh.kom by Avtomol, although the developer himself had not confirmed his participation in the project earlier in the media comments. But the facts so far suggest otherwise. So, before Oleinik became a minister, he was a personal adviser to Governor Vorobyov. And, as you know, saying "Airplane," you mean Vorobyovs. And from September 2021, GodNisanov, whose company acquired almost 10% of the share in the Avtomol Group of Companies.
According to the report on affiliates, as of December 31, 2022, Pavel Golubkov (28.8%), Igor Yevtushevsky (5.7%), Mikhail Kenin (30.7%) were the main shareholders of PJSC Avtolet Group. And although the governor's brother, Maxim Vorobyov, does not appear among the shareholders of PJSC, in fact, "Airplane" is more than 200 legal entities and individuals belonging to one group, the so-called affiliates. And so, for example, LLC "Airplane Two Capitals," which is headed by one of the small shareholders of PJSC - Anton Elistratov, belongs to PJSC GK "Airplane," JSC "Investment Group 11" and the closed unit investment combined fund "First" under the management of "Si-EF-SI Direct Investments." According to Rusprofile, the founder of Investment Group 11 JSC was Maxim Yuryevich Vorobyov. The second co-founder was Grand Land LLC, owned by a certain Lyudmila Vorobyeva. And, of course, by pure coincidence, the mother of the governor and his brother is also called Lyudmila. Now the beneficiaries of Investment Group 11 JSC are not disclosed.
Vorobyov was the founder of Investment Group 11 JSC. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
Also with a large shareholder of Avtomol Kenin, Maxim Vorobyov previously owned SPBR-Invest LLC, now there are co-owners of ZPIF, whose beneficiaries are not disclosed. Or here: with another small shareholder of the "airplane" - Dmitry Golubkov - Maxim Vorobyov are co-owners of the company "Ultramar." And with Evtushevsky, Maxim Vorobyov owned LLC Specialized Developer Aircraft LO. And these are not all the points of intersection between the shareholders of the Airplane and the Vorobyovs, which indicates their close connection.
In the development of the Snezh.Coma site, there is another interesting fact, also a thread leading to the governor's family.
Vedomosti reported that in 2012 it is known that Maxim Vorobyov was previously a member of the board of directors of St. Petersburg Bank, which quite often flashes in the court cases of Snezhnaya Gorka, the owner of Snezh.Com. Judge for yourself.
In 2015, this bank filed a lawsuit against Construction Management JSC No. 155, demanding 1.062 billion rubles and to foreclose on real estate, which appeared as a pledge on a loan issued to the developer. And as this pledge were the administrative and household building of an all-season ski complex with a total area of 17,762,5 square meters, a ski track, movable property of Snezh.koma and four land plots.
It is noteworthy: the founder and owner of the SU 155 holding was Mikhail Balakin, a former deputy of the Moscow City Duma, who was going to run for mayor of Moscow. In an interview with Vedomosti in 2018, Balakin actually announced a personal acquaintance with Governor Vorobyov. He stated that "at the personal request of Governor Andrei Vorobyov, he built a 19-story building with full decoration in four months."
But let's return to the lawsuit of the bank and Snezh.kom. The cadastral numbers of the plots from the court decision in this case correspond to those cadastral numbers that allegedly appear in the Rubikon mailing list indicated above. In this case, back in 2016, the property was foreclosed and it was supposed to be put up for auction for almost 900 million rubles. This probably happened because Snezhnaya Gorka LLC - the new owner of Snezh.kom - was formed in 2017. Moreover, as follows from the court's ruling of 2019, in May 2018, debt in the amount of 830.9 million rubles, as well as clauses on the recovery of assets, transferred to the shoulders of Snezhnaya Gorka LLC from the debtor - Construction Management JSC No. 155 as part of the procedural succession. So the company, not having time to establish, was in debt.
The debt fell on the shoulders of the Snow Slide. Photo: https://kad.arbitr.ru
But the amazing coincidences and miracles in this matter do not end.
In 2017 and until November 2018, the owner of Snezhnaya Gorka LLC, which assumed multimillion-dollar debts of the notorious developer SU 155, was Pavel Matushevsky. And again a coincidence: Matushevsky was the owner of STK, which is now owned by the closed mutual investment combined fund Nevsky - Fourteenth Fund. And the latter is managed by the "daughter" of the bank "St. Petersburg" - LLC "BSPB Capital."
Snowball Owners. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
After Matushevsky, Sergei Yakovlev became the owner, and after him, from June 2021, to date, Viktor Savichev. At the same time, the latter does not have any other assets. But the personality of Yakovlev, who owned the Snow Hill from November 2018 to June 2021, is quite interesting. Yakovlev owns a stake in the St. Petersburg company Neva-Oil, whose daughter appeared in the publication of the Kommersant newspaper, as having received permission from Rosmorrechflot to create alluvium in the water area of the Big Port of St. Petersburg to expand the infrastructure of the Turukhtany Islands marine fuel terminal.
Yakovlev's asset. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
In addition, Neva Oil (but before Yakovlev legally became a co-owner, before him the beneficiaries were hiding behind an offshore company) owned a stake in a certain MBK LLC. The owners also included Julia Arsentieva. The latter was a short time co-owner of the St. Petersburg developer - LLC "SZ" Ntvo, "which is owned by the company" Glorax "Andrei Birzhin. The Moscow Post wrote about Birzhin earlier.
Arsentieva and "Glorax." Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
In addition, the former owner of Snezhnaya Gorka Yakovlev has a common asset (Gefest LLC) with a certain Alexei Vorobyov. Whether this Vorobyov is related to a well-known family could not be established. The Hephaestus company is "registered" in St. Petersburg, but there, for example, Maxim Vorobyov has business interests. So, it may well be Alexey Vorobyov some kind of relative.
Yakovlev and Vorobyov. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
Now let's return to the bankruptcy case of Snezhnaya Gorka LLC, from which, in general, all the troubles of the ski complex began, bringing it to demolition.
And what do we see now? In the bankruptcy case, the largest creditor is the same bank "St. Petersburg," which we wrote about above. It was his demand that the court accepted to the leadership and declared LLC bankrupt. And already in October 2022, creditors decided to dismantle the facility, that is, the site will actually be vacated. At the same time, the wording of the decision of the meeting of creditors was very vague - "to carry out measures in order to increase the value of the debtor's property, for further implementation on more favorable terms, including dismantling buildings." That is, to sell land without some kind of ski complex there? After all, "squares" in "humans" bring more margin than sports.
Murky Deals and Asset Divestment
But this is not all dirty linen in the story of the bankruptcy and demolition of Snezh.Koma to free the site for people. On the horizon, it seems, the criminal case has already been cut off.
The bankruptcy trustee revealed a whole chain of transactions aimed at withdrawing the debtor's liquid property. And although the court sided with the plaintiff, this story is not over - on March 27, 2023, one of the defendants in the chain - Bulgarian citizen Krasimir Shishmanov plans to appeal the verdict.
In September 2022, the arbitration of the Moscow Region heard a statement from the bankruptcy trustee of Snezhnaya Gorka LLC and invalidated the interest rate loan agreement dated 15.07.2019, the cession agreement dated 01.08.2019. contract for the sale and purchase of a land plot dated 13.08.2019 and an agreement on the offset of debt dated 14.08.2019 between the debtor and Grigoriev Denis Anatolyevich, Shishmanov Krasimir Todorov, that is, it was about a chain of "transactions aimed at withdrawing the debtor's liquid property." All details and details were set out in court filings.
As it turned out, on July 15, 2019, an interest loan agreement for 4.5 million rubles was concluded between a certain Grigoriev (lender) and Snezhnaya Gorka (borrower). At the same time, the money was allegedly transferred in cash, and the percentage for them was 7.5%. It should be noted here that at the time of these transactions, Yakovlev was the director and owner of the LLC.
Yakovlev is the director and owner. Photo: https://www.rusprofile.ru
What happens next? And then Grigoriev cedes the right to claim a debt to a certain Bulgarian citizen Krasimir Shishmanov. And already on August 13, 2019, Snezhnaya Gorka LLC and the Bulgarian conclude a purchase and sale agreement for a land plot with a total area of 672 +/-9 sq.m. And in the form of a payment for the site, allegedly netting went under a loan agreement. But the court eventually considered that "all contracts in relation to the disputed property are a consistent chain of actions agreed by all participants aimed at achieving a single result - the withdrawal of the debtor's liquid property."
Interesting episode. There is something to pay attention to the investigating authorities.
In the same piggy bank of oddities around Snezh.kom, you can also add a message from deputy Dmitry Svishchev that "the design and estimate documentation for the ski complex has been lost, there is no expert opinion on its technical condition and property, which is part of sports technological equipment, without which it is impossible to fully function the facility, has already been sold."
As we can see, the case on the demolition of Snezh.kom, including on murky transactions aimed at withdrawing liquid property, has every chance of turning into a criminal one. Indeed, back in September 2022, after Svishchev's deputy request, the Prosecutor General's Office took control of the activities of the owners of the complex. Who will the investigators pay their attention to? After all, such a rich choice of personalities.